Bachelors in Veterinary Science or B.V.Sc. is an undergraduate course which deals with the science involving Animals. Veterinary Science, this course in particular deals with the implementation of medical, diagnostic and therapeutic principles on various types of Animals. The duration of this course is roughly 5 years (broken down into 10 semesters) including an internship of 6 months, the exact duration may vary depending on the time period of the internship. The course can also be known as Bachelor’s in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry or B.V.Sc. & AHB. Each institute has a different criteria for completing the course, for example: as per the Kerala Agricultural University the maximum duration for completing the course is 8 academic years (16 semesters).
The Veterinary Council of India is the recognized body established under the Ministry of Agriculture by the Government of India. To grant recognized veterinary qualifications which are to be issued by veterinary institutions the VCI sets minimum standards of veterinary education. The curriculum of this course includes theoretical and practical training in various disciplines. Various Agricultural Institutes in India provide Veterinary courses. An Individual upon the completion of this course is known as a ‘Veterinarian’. If you’re an animal lover, then this course is for you. An animal cannot verbally describe their pain and suffering which is why any aspiring candidate needs to be compassionate and caring towards animal behaviour to determine any form of pain or abnormal behaviour.
|Course||Topics||Aim and Objective|
|Comparative Osteology And Arthrology||Technical terms, structure, chemical composition and classification of bones, Bones of axial skeleton of ox as a type and their comparison with those of horse, dog, pig and poultry, Classification and detailed study of different joints of the body.||To make a student well versed with the bones and joints of different|
|Comparative Splanchnology||Descriptive anatomy of various organs of digestive system and associated glands of ox and their comparison with those of horse, dog, pig and poultry. Study of formation of thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities; reflection of the cavities, oesophagotomy, gastrotomy, rumenotomy, cystotomy, urethrotomy.||To give a detailed overview of different systems constituting splanchnology.|
|Myology, Angiology, Neurology and Anesthesiology of Ox||Classification of muscle fibers, Origin, insertion and relations of muscles of different body parts, Topographic anatomy of the vascular system comprising of heart, arteries, veins and lymphatics, gross anatomy of various sense organs.||The course gives a thorough knowledge about the muscles, course of blood vessels and nerves of an ox as a type animal.|
|Theory and Practice of Histological and Histochemical Techniques||Preparation of tissues for light microscopy using different fixatives, Different staining methods for routine light microscopy, Frozen sectioning techniques and staining methods for enzymes, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, pigments etc.||The course is to give exposure to methods of processing the tissues for research and teaching purposes.||General Histology and Ultrastructure||Light and ultrastructural details of animal cell, Light and ultrastructural details of epithelial tissue, ultrastructural details of muscular tissue, details of connective tissue and nervous tissue.||It is studied to understand basic principles of light microscopy and light and ultrastructure of four basic tissues.|
|Developmental Anatomy||Gametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage and gastrulation, Development of foetal membranes and placenta in domestic animals, Histogenesis of nervous system, sense organs, endocrine organs and cardiovascular system, Embryonic development of digestive, respiratory, uro-genital and musculoskeletal system.||To understand the developmental processes of different body systems at various stages of pregnancy.|
|Principles and Applications of Biomechanics||Biomechanics, its definition and scope with reference to anatomy and physiology of domestic animals and musculo-skeletal dynamics, Locomotion and clinical applications. Biomechanics of cortical and trabecular bones, Biomechanics of fracture fixation.||To familiarize the student about the importance of biomechanics.|
Veterinarians can choose to work in any concerned are be it with the government animal husbandry departments or poultry farms or dairy farms. The options are not limited here. Below are mentioned, plenty of employment areas.