Post Graduate Diploma or PG Diploma is a two-year course where candidates receive training on intensive care and methods on how to relieve pain. Candidates will be given an opportunity on how to handle patients independently which will help them learn problem solving skills in a live environment.
It is important to note that not all subjects come with the option of both a degree course and a diploma course, for instances, there is no diploma course for medicine or for surgery. A full-fledged degree course requires candidates to submit a thesis. Unless the degree candidates submit the thesis, they are not allowed to appear for their exam, however diploma candidates do not need to submit any thesis as part of their course work.
A regular degree course lasts for about 3 years which consists of 4 theory papers (approximately) and has both practical and oral exams including the thesis paper they submit, whereas a diploma course lasts only for 2 years and has only 3 theory papers (approximately) and no thesis paper.
One distinction between a regular degree course and a diploma course is that only a candidate who has completed their MD/MS degree can apply for academic positions (like Assistance Professor) and can super specialise (such as getting a DM/MCH). Diploma holders can neither apply for academic positions, nor can they super specialise in their field of speciality, however they can choose to pursue a DNB course (of 2 year duration) from an MCI recognised institute to become eligible for super speciality exams.
PG Diploma candidates also have the option of entering into MD courses directly in the 2nd year. Broadly speaking, the overall employment opportunities are better for an MD/MS candidate, however securing an admission for these courses are considerably quite tougher.
An aspiring PG-Diploma candidate will be trained on how to manage common diseases while being exposed on new methods on how to combat them. Candidates will also be trained on the latest innovations in the medical industry, especially on the equipment in the Outpatient Department (OPD) and the Operation Theatre.